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"«" ["p_last_link"]=> string(2) "»" } ["test"]=> object(TestsModel)#922 (21) { ["site_id":"TestsModel":private]=> string(4) "5851" ["questions":"TestsModel":private]=> array(0) { } ["data"]=> array(0) { } ["id"]=> NULL ["table":protected]=> string(17) "academy_questions" ["where"]=> string(0) "" ["order_by":protected]=> NULL ["limit":protected]=> NULL ["limit_offset":protected]=> int(0) ["select":protected]=> string(1) "*" ["group_by":protected]=> NULL ["from":protected]=> NULL ["joins":protected]=> array(0) { } ["paginate":"BaseModel":private]=> bool(false) ["p_total_rows":"BaseModel":private]=> bool(false) ["p_prefix":"BaseModel":private]=> string(13) "?pagination=1" ["p_suffix":"BaseModel":private]=> string(0) "" ["p_prev_link"]=> string(4) "<" ["p_next_link"]=> string(4) ">" ["p_first_link"]=> string(2) "«" ["p_last_link"]=> string(2) "»" } ["paginator"]=> NULL ["tags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(0) "" } ["parent"]=> NULL ["site_files":"SitesModel":private]=> array(0) { } ["site_params":"SitesModel":private]=> array(0) { } ["called_params":"SitesModel":private]=> array(0) { } ["add_params":"SitesModel":private]=> array(0) { } ["parts":"SitesModel":private]=> array(6) { ["h1_title"]=> string(0) "" ["meta_description"]=> string(0) "" ["meta_title"]=> string(0) "" ["text"]=> string(482) "

Stromy mohou plnit spoustu funkcí. Pomáhají uchránit před poryvy větru, dávat úrodu, ale i zdobit pozemek. Díky jedinečnému větvení nelze najít dva zcela shodné stromy. Každý kousek se tak stává zcela originální a nezaměnitelným prvkem. Herbář rostlin vám tuto zeleň přiblíží, abyste se v té spoustě druhů mohli bez problémů orientovat a seznámí vás také s léčivými účinky stromů na organismus.

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čeleď:borovicovité

Modřín opadavý-popis

Modřín je jehličnatý, opadavý strom vysoký až 50 m. Má přímý kmen, v průměru široký až 1,5 m. Koruna je štíhlá, kuželovitá, ve stáří často široká a na vrcholu zploštělá. Koncové větvičky jsou tenké a převislé. Kůra je silná brázditá, šedohnědá a často na ní můžeme vidět červenohnědé skvrny. Jehlice rostou po svazečcích po 30-50. Jsou měkké, dlouhé 3cm a mají světle zelenou barvu. Na podzim začínají žloutnout a opadávat. Květy raší současně s jehlicemi, samčí šištice jsou velké 5-10 mm, převislé a mají žlutou barvu. Samičí jsou velké 1-2 cm a mají červené listeny. Plodem jsou šišky. Jsou vzpřímené, nerozpadavé, světle hnědé a velké 2-5 cm. Dozrávají na podzim, ale na stromě zůstávají i po vysemenění i 3 roky.

Modřín opadavý-léčivé účinky: Nejsou známy žádné léčivé účinky.

Použitelné části modřínu opadavého: Žádné.

Období květu: duben-květen

Modřín opadavý-pěstování

U nás je původní v oblasti na východ od Hrubého Jeseníku, je však hojně pěstován po celém území. Můžeme ho najít ve světlých lesích, preferuje zejména mírně zásadité, hlubší, mírně vlhké, ale i kamenité půdy. Vyžaduje slunné stanoviště.

Zdroj obrázku: Wikipedie

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Modřín opadavý /Larix decidua/

modrinčeleď:borovicovité

Modřín opadavý-popis

Modřín je jehličnatý, opadavý strom vysoký až 50 m. Má přímý kmen, v průměru široký až 1,5 m. Koruna je štíhlá, kuželovitá, ve stáří často široká a na vrcholu zploštělá. Koncové větvičky jsou tenké a převislé. Kůra je silná brázditá, šedohnědá a často na ní můžeme vidět červenohnědé skvrny. Jehlice rostou po svazečcích po 30-50. Jsou měkké, dlouhé 3cm a mají světle zelenou barvu. Na podzim začínají žloutnout a opadávat. Květy raší současně s jehlicemi, samčí šištice jsou velké 5-10 mm, převislé a mají žlutou barvu. Samičí jsou velké 1-2 cm a mají červené listeny. Plodem jsou šišky. Jsou vzpřímené, nerozpadavé, světle hnědé a velké 2-5 cm. Dozrávají na podzim, ale na stromě zůstávají i po vysemenění i 3 roky.

Modřín opadavý-léčivé účinky: Nejsou známy žádné léčivé účinky.

Použitelné části modřínu opadavého: Žádné.

Období květu: duben-květen

Modřín opadavý-pěstování

U nás je původní v oblasti na východ od Hrubého Jeseníku, je však hojně pěstován po celém území. Můžeme ho najít ve světlých lesích, preferuje zejména mírně zásadité, hlubší, mírně vlhké, ale i kamenité půdy. Vyžaduje slunné stanoviště.

Zdroj obrázku: Wikipedie


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